The SAT is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States. Since it was debuted by the College Board in 1926.
Its name and scoring have changed several times; originally called the Scholastic Aptitude Test, it was later called the Scholastic Assessment Test, then the SAT I: Reasoning Test.
Then the SAT Reasoning Test, then simply the SAT.
The SAT is typically taken by high school juniors and seniors. The College Board states that the SAT is intended to measure literacy, numeracy, and writing skills that are needed for academic success in college.
They state that the SAT assesses how well the test-takers analyze and solve problems—skills they learned in school that they will need in college.
However, the test is administered under a tight time limit (speeded) to help produce a range of scores